IE Module Handbook (3): International Entrepreneurship and economic development

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International entrepreneurship is being defined as the activity of entrepreneur that plans to conduct business across international boundaries. The business might be expanded in the form of exporting, licensing, opening any office in other country, entering into joint venture and also development of the business. The entrepreneurship expanded at the international level is important because it helps in satisfying the needs and wants of the customers and business is able to improve its presence in the international economy. The objective of such entrepreneurship is to gain high profits and to expand on the international scale. Current assignment was all about carrying out the relevant review of literature on international entrepreneurship and economic development. The review was based on exploring the positive impact of entrepreneurship on development of the economy.

Economy is being development when there is free flow of trade and qualified business generates possible revenue in the economy. There are factors that have contributed to growth of economy is the increasing use of information and communication technologies and reduced cost of transportation. Terjesen (2016) states that entrepreneurship is the concerned with the Entrepreneurship is being effective as it leads to enhance the productivity in the economy and also it creates millions of jobs in the economic context. With international entrepreneurship the aspects of relationships is being increased among countries. With this, businesses are being effective to gain competitive advantage by focusing on aspects of marketing and advertising and bringing innovation in the products and services (Kasseeah, 2016). International expansion of business increase the flow of trade in the economy and with that perspective country find development in the gross domestic products and increase in the amount of FDI.
Current literature is all about elaborating the relationship between economic development and the growth of entrepreneurship on the International scale.

Main Body
International Entrepreneurship
Generally there is effective expansion of businesses that operate with small capital and less turnover. These businesses are being known as small and medium term businesses that are expanding internationally on small basis (Bosma 2018). The nature of business operating on the international scale offers a hike to exports and leads to improve trade relations. Businesses have improved their trade practices by investing in the areas of research and development and with this the aspects of innovation is being encouraged in the business (Ribeiro-Soriano, 2017). Internationalization occurs in the form of improved business relations that enter into partnership and joint venture. This aspect is always focused on technological innovation. This means improvement of transaction cost that directly affect on the firm performance.
Small and medium term businesses are effective to expand within the international market with the aspects of low cost transportation and faster movement of goods from one place to other. Considering the internationalisation of firms’ reduction in the tariffs is being observed, knowledge sharing has become easy and research is being simplified with the aspects of strategic alliances and collaborations (Ribeiro-Soriano, 2017.). The business is able to expand its business with increasing the sales and profits and with that they are relevantly able to improve the domestic competitiveness of the firm.
Past goal and empowering factors, a few experts additionally underscore the capacity of specific people to see significant chances, which they call “opportunity acknowledgment”. This is viewed as a focal attribute of innovative conduct, the basic emotional part of the wonder: how pioneering entertainers open doors that are made by empowering and persuading powers (Bosma 2018). The manner by which a business visionary watches and make sense of chances to empower internationalization is viewed as unexpected, to huge degree, on close to home encounters and attributes (for example earlier global encounters) and mental attributes (e.g., hazard taking affinity).
In short, a few studies stress the business visionary’s capacity to see openings and settle on choices dependent on his/her qualities and perspectives; others feature the job of foundations and the general financial conditions preferring or compelling entertainers’ choices and dynamic (Zucchella and Magnani, 2016). Individual or financial or social components might be liable for the development of the business in one period yet not in another, since the idea of enterprise and the necessities for beginning a business likewise change. Various firms have taken various ways towards internationalization, consequently restricting opportunities for speculation. This represents a few issues for viewpoints that expect firms move, bit by bit, from shorter to longer separations, regardless of whether in topographical or potentially social terms (Fritsch and Wyrwich, 2017).

From the review, it could be concluded that there are different arguments of the author presented that helps to assess effect on the economic development of the country. Entrepreneurs are consistently watching out for circumstances. They investigate and misuse openings,, support compelling asset activation of capital and expertise, get new items and benefits and creates markets for development of the economy. Along these lines, they help expanding gross national item just according to capita pay of the individuals in a nation. Increment in net national item and per capita salary of the individuals in a nation, is an indication of financial development. . An expanding number of entrepreneurism are required to fulfil this expanding need for products and enterprises. Therefore business builds the national pay.

Books and Journals
Aspelund, A., Fjell, L. and Rødland, S.E., 2017. Doing good and doing well? International entrepreneurship and social responsibility.
Audretsch, D.B., Belitski, M. and Desai, S., 2015. Entrepreneurship and economic development in cities. The Annals of Regional Science, 55(1), pp.33-60.
Bosma, N., Sanders, M. and Stam, E., 2018. Institutions, entrepreneurship, and economic growth in Europe. Small Business Economics, 51(2), pp.483-499.
Doran, J., McCarthy, N. and O’Connor, M., 2018. The role of entrepreneurship in stimulating economic growth in developed and developing countries. Cogent Economics & Finance, 6(1), p.1442093.
Fritsch, M. and Wyrwich, M., 2017. The effect of entrepreneurship on economic development—an empirical analysis using regional entrepreneurship culture. Journal of Economic Geography, 17(1), pp.157-189.
Fritsch, M. and Wyrwich, M., 2017. The effect of entrepreneurship on economic development—an empirical analysis using regional entrepreneurship culture. Journal of Economic Geography, 17(1), pp.157-189.
Hisrich, R.D., 2015. International entrepreneurship: starting, developing, and managing a global venture. SAGE publications.
Huggins, R., Waite, D. and Munday, M., 2018. New directions in regional innovation policy: a network model for generating entrepreneurship and economic development. Regional Studies, 52(9), pp.1294-1304.
Kasseeah, H., 2016. Investigating the impact of entrepreneurship on economic development: a regional analysis. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development.
Ribeiro-Soriano, D. and Mas-Verdú, F., 2015. Special Issue on: Small business and entrepreneurship: their role in economic and social development.

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